The word Islam is derived from the Arabic word istaslama (استسلاما) that is translated as ‘to submit’. People who accept Islam are known as Muslims. The religious group is the second-largest in the world with over 1.5 billion adherents.

Here you will know about the basic beliefs of Islam.


A belief in one deity – Allah – who has no equal or partner and on His angles, religious books, prophets, and life after death.

Basic Tenants

Nimaz – Pray 5 times a day

Roza – Fast during the Islamic month of Ramadhan

Zakat – Annual charity

Hajj – Pilgrimage to Holy Mecca once a month

Major Sins

  • Shirk – Associating partners to Allah
  • Sood – Dealing with interest or usury
  • Zina – Premarital sex
  • Al-Khamar – Alcoholic drinks and drugs
  • Al-Maysar – Gambling
  • Qatal – Murder

Details of the Islamic Credo

Islam forbids associating anyone with Allah. He is the One with no partners Muslims should worship Allah alone. Worshiping Allah means submitting to His will.

Verily, those whom you worship besides Allah have no power to give you provision: so seek your provision from Allah (Alone), and worship Him (Alone), and be grateful to Him. To Him (Alone) you will be brought back. (Surah Al-Ankbut; 29:17).

Islam teaches us to pray 5 times a day. Muslims pray during Fajar (dawn), Zuhar (afternoon), Asr (mid-afternoon), Maghrib (dusk), Isha (night).

Related: Click here to know how Muslims pray in Islam.

Muslims fast during the month of Ramadhan – the 9th month of the Islamic calendar. The practice includes doing sehri before Fajar (dusk) and eating iftari after Maghrib (dawn). Muslims are required to pay charity known as Sadqah Fitr at the end of Ramadhan.

Zakat or annual charity is obligatory on every Muslim who has at least an equivalent of about 3 ounces of gold or 21 ounces of silver during a year. The rate of zakat is 2.5% on capital asset above the nisab – the minimum wealth threshold.

Haj refers to pilgrimage to the Mecca. Every Muslim who can afford the expenses is required to make the pilgrimage at least once in a lifetime.

Related: Find out about the practice of performing Haj.

Muslims are required to believe in holy angles. The angles are living beings created by Allah to carry out His commands. Some of the names of angles mentioned in Quran and Hadith include:

  • Jibraeel
  • Mikhaeel
  • Israfeel
  • Mulk al Maut
  • Ridhwan
  • Malik
  • Munkar and Nakeer

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